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Endometriosis is often a painful disorder in where tissue found inside the uterus is also exist outside the uterus causing problems. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, it can also affect rectum, lungs and nose.

With endometriosis, it behaves like uterus, it will thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. But because this tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and causes organs to stick to each other, it can destroys the egg inside the ovaries further reducing fertility of affected women.

The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, happen before or/and during menstrual periods. Although many experience cramping during their menstrual periods, those with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that's far worse than usual. Pain also may increase over time.

Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis include:
  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pain and cramping may begin before and last for few days. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.
  • Pain with intercourse. Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis.
  • Pain with bowel movements or urination. May also experience these symptoms during a menstrual period.
  • Excessive bleeding. May experience occasional heavy menstrual periods or bleeding between periods (intermenstrual bleeding).
  • Infertility. Sometimes, endometriosis is first diagnosed in those seeking treatment for infertility.
  • Other signs and symptoms. You may experience fatigue, diarrhoea, constipation, bloating or nausea, coughing out blood, nose bleed especially during menstrual periods.

The severity of your pain may not be a reliable indicator of the extent of your condition. You could have mild endometriosis with severe pain, or you could have advanced endometriosis with little or no pain.

Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In order to have accurate diagnoses, it is important to do consult our doctor and our doctor will do a ultrasound scan or other further investigation in order to come out with accurate diagnosis.

 Pertanyaan - Endometriosis